Treatment Strategies for Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Past, Present, and Future.
Department of Hematology/Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, 1365 C Clifton Road, Ste 4005, Atlanta, GA 30322, Office: 404-778-1827.
Keywords:Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, chemoimmunotherapy, rituximab, treatment
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most commonly occurring lymphoma in the Western world. DLBCL is a clinically, biologically, and pathologically heterogeneous entity with biologically distinct subtypes that have different expected treatment outcomes. The addition of rituximab to combination chemotherapy has improved outcomes for all patients with DLBCL and can produce cure for many individuals. Relapsed DLBCL is generally managed with salvage chemo-immunotherapy followed by high dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation which can cure additional patients.
However, outcomes for patients who relapse early after upfront rituximab and chemotherapy have a poorer prognosis. Novel therapies and strategies are desperately needed for these patients and several emerging treatments hold promise for improving DLBCL treatment outcomes in the future.